completed at this: June 30th, 1982
 Maiden flight on this: April 4th, 1983

At first for eleven months the second space shuttle, Challenger (OV 099), taken into operation served at thorough vibration tests as a test object true to the original before it was rebuilt to a spacecraft fully fit to fly. The Challenger was named after a research vessel of the US-Navy which drove at 1875 at the Atlantic and the Pacific and had already given its name to the lunar module Apollo 17, too. The Challenger left the Rockwell production plants in Palmdale on June 30th, 1982 and was flown to the Kennedy Space center some days later. Its first flight planned for January was delayed April 1983. of these use, the sixth flight up to 4 the first of the only ten Challenger missions was on for the shuttle row, because of fuel leaks to the main jet engines and problems with the payload. The tenth flight in a catastrophe as which Orbiter exploded shortly after the start ended in January 1986. The seven-headed crew was killed. During a space flight, before, a U.S. astronaut had never been killed. On its ten flights the Challenger orbited altogether the earth //num(987) mal// and spent in the space more than 69 days. At these uses some remarkable first performances were successful: On the maiden flight (STS 6) the first tracking and data transmission satellite (TDRS 1) was stopped and the new shuttle spacesuit Musgrave tested Donald person Und story. On the second flight (STS 7) Sally Ride became the first American in the space. At third use (STS 8) night start and night landing were successful for the first time. At the fourth flight (STS 41-B) Bruce McCandless as the first astronaut floated freely without safeguarding cord by the space. He left the Orbiter with his free flight-maneuvering unit of (MMU) about thirty meters. At the conclusion of this successful mission the landing of the space shuttle took place for the first time on the piste of the Kennedy-Space center. The free flight-maneuvering unit was in the center, as the astronaut George Nelson Und James hoped for Van this capture and Max solarly succeeded the repair of the deficient satellite also at next use (STS 41-C). In addition, the Langzeitexperimententräger "LDEF" was stationed on an earth orbit. On the sixth Challenger mission Sally Ride was on board for the second time and Kathryn Sullivan did a spacewalk as the first American. On the next three Challenger flights in the year 1985 the space laboratory Spacelab formed the payload. On the flight STS 51-B the crew of the Spacelab 3 carried two monkeys and 24 rats. At the mission STS 51 F the pallet payload contained Spacelab 2 one "igloo" with automatic rule systems. Although the start couldn't be brought to an end after an early burning end of a main jet engine as planned, an orbit was reached. On its last flight (STS 61 A) completed successfully the space shuttle transported this for space lab Spacelab D1 (Germany 1) on a mission which is mainly by the Federal Republic planned and financed. With eight astronauts this one was the tallest crew on board till now. The tenth and last Challenger flight (STS 51 L) on January 28th, 1986 carried the epithet "teacher flight" since the teacher Christa McAuliffe who should for the first time form lessons of the space for trainees on the earth belonged to the crew. She didn't arrive, however, any more: For only 73 seconds to a start been successful apparently perfectly it came to an explosion and the Challenger went up in a gigantic fireball. None of the seven crew members survived. Apart from Christa McAuliffe Richard Scobee, Michael Smith, Judith Resnik, Ellison Onizuka, Ronald McNair and Gregory Jarvis died in the flames. The message shook the American public and all shuttle flights got prepared for uncertain time. A large-scale rescue action with which the ruins of the Challenger should be tracked down out of the waters in front of cape Canaveral began at the same time. Within the next seven months almost the half of the Orbiters was found and held. After an incoming examination one transported the remains of the formerly impressive Orbiters Challenger into an empty Minutemahn rocket complex of Air Force on cape Canaveral. The ruins kept since then there are quiet admonishers to the ubiquitous danger to whom every spaceman exposes himself.

The flights of the Challenger:

 1   04 Apr 83   STS-6
 2   18 Jun 83   STS-7
 3   30 Aug 83   STS-8
 4   03 Feb 84   STS-41-B
 5   06 Apr 84   STS-41-C
 6   05 Okt 84   STS-41-G
 7   29 Apr 85   STS-51-B
 8   29 Jul 85   STS-51-F
 9   30 Okt 85   STS-61-A
10   28 Jan 86   STS-51-L

Challenger, the second space shuttle built for the flight to space, waits for the start ... on the launching pad for its maiden flight (STS 6) on April 4th, 1983...

On January 28th, 1986 the Challenger explodes for 73 seconds to the start, all seven crew members die (STS 51 L) ... ...



   © 2002 by Dizzy-Devil •